वन दाव्यांसाठी पत्रकार परिषद



    वनपंचायत संघटना व लोकपंचायतच्या वतीने अकोले तालुक्यातील राजूर येथे वन हक्कांच्या प्रश्नांबाबत पत्रकार परिषदेचे आयोजन करण्यात आले होते. यावेळी उपस्थित आदिवासी शेतकरी, संघटनेचे सदस्य व लोकपंचायतच्या कार्यकर्त्यांनी प्रलंबित वन हक्क दावे, दावे मान्यतेच्या प्रक्रियेतील प्रशासन स्तरावरील त्रुटी, याबाबत माहिती दिली.  या कायद्याला विसंगत अशा पद्धतीने दावे मान्यतेची प्रकिया प्रशासनाकडून होत असल्याच्या तक्रारी मांडण्यात आल्या. प्रशासनाच्या विरोधात तीव्र नाराजी व्यक्त करण्यात आली.
    आदिवासींवर झालेला ऐतिहासिक अन्याय दूर करण्यासाठी भारताच्या संसदेने  आदिवासींचा वन हक्क मान्य करणारा अनुसूचित जमाती व इतर पारंपारिक वननिवासी (वन हक्क मान्य करणे) कायदा, २००६ (वनाधिकार कायदा) संमत केला. गांव पातळीवर वन हक्क समिती, ग्रामसभा, उपविभागस्तरीय समिती व जिल्हास्तरीय वन हक्क समिती अशी अंमलबजावणीची यंत्रणा आहे. मात्र, या कायद्याची प्रशासनाकडून अत्यंत धीम्या गतीने अंमलबजावणी सुरु असल्याने अकोले तालुक्यातील आदिवासी व इतर पारंपारिक वन निवासी हे दहा वर्षांनंतरही वन हक्कांपासून वंचित असल्याचे विदारक वास्तव समोर आले आहे. 
    दाव्यांना मान्यता देताना आदिवासींची पारंपारिक ‘दळीची शेती’ पद्धत विचारात न घेता अल्पकालीन पडीक जमिनीची गवतपड अशी नोंद करणे, प्रशासनाकडून प्रत्यक्ष स्थळी पंचनामे न होणे, दावे मान्यतेसाठी वन विभागाच्या नोंदी व अभिप्राय यास अधिक प्राधान्य, एकसालीकराराने वनविभागाने दिलेल्या जमिनीवरील कायम वहिवाटाचा पुरावा अमान्य करणे, सर्व वनौपज आधारित  व अभयारण्य क्षेत्रातील सामूहिक वन हक्क दाव्यांच्या मान्यतेस टाळाटाळ या दावे मान्यतेच्या प्रक्रियेतील मुख्य त्रुटी आहेत. 
    ऐतिहासिक अन्यायाचा नवीन अध्याय प्रशासनाकडून सुरु असल्याचे स्थानिक आदिवासींचे म्हणणे आहे. या कायद्याच्या अंमलबजावणीची प्रक्रिया सुरु असल्याचे चित्र कागदोपत्री पूर्तता करून उभे केले जात आहे.  मान्यतेच्या प्रक्रियेत जाणीवपूर्वक जास्त वेळ खर्च करून दावे प्रलंबित ठेवणे, आदिवासींमध्ये कायद्याबद्दल जागरुकता न वाढविता दाव्याच्या सध्यस्थितीबद्दल दावेदारांना अनभिज्ञ ठेवणे, दुसरीकडे कायद्याच्या अंमबजावणीची संथ गतीने कागदोपत्री पूर्तता करत राहणे, शेवटी प्रदीर्घ कालावधीनंतर कोणताही सबळ पुरावा नाही, असे कारण देऊन थोडे-थोडे करून एक-एका गावातील वैयक्तिक वनहक्कांचे दावे फेटाळणे, अशी धूर्त खेळी प्रशासनाकडून खेळली जात आहे, अशा तक्रारी यावेळी मांडण्यात आल्या. 
    उपस्थित आदिवासी शेतकर्‍यांनी आपल्या दाव्याबद्दल माहिती देताना कटू अनुभवांचे कथन केले. दावे मान्यतेसाठी प्रशासनाकडून झालेल्या चुकीच्या प्रक्रियेची माहिती देऊन त्याविरोधात रोष व्यक्त केला. पाचनई येथील चंदर भारमल यांनी वहिवाटाचे पुरावे, जातीचा दाखला, रहिवासाचा दाखला, एक साली कराराने वनजमीन कसण्यासाठी वन विभागास शुल्क भरून जमीन कसण्यासाठी घेतल्याचे पुरावे देऊनही प्रशासनाने आपला दावा फेटाळल्याचे सांगितले. तर कुमशेत येथील पुनाजी गभाले यांनी वन विभागास दंड भरल्याची पावती, जातीचा दाखला, वहिवाटाचे पुरावे, अनेक वर्षांपासून रहिवासी असल्याचा दाखला, सन १९९५ मध्ये जमीन कोणत्या वर्षी संपादन केली तसेच जमिनीवर कोणती झाडे आहेत याचा ७/१२ उतारा देण्याची नोटीस इ. पुरावे सादर करूनही प्रशासनाकडून दहा वर्षे दावा प्रलंबित ठेऊन वेठीस धरल्याचे सांगितले. अशाच प्रकारच्या तक्रारी उपस्थित दावेदारांनी केल्या.
    यावेळी वनपंचायतचे प्रमुख सदस्य तुकाराम बांडे, सोमा भारमल, चंदर उघडे, भगवंता धिंदळे, सखाराम धिंदळे, सोमनाथ भौरुले उपस्थित होते. लोकपंचायतचे हनुमंत उबाळे यांनी प्रास्ताविकात सामूहिक वन व्यवस्थापन, वनाधारित शाश्वत उपजीविका, गावातच रोजगार व आदिवासींचे जीवनमान उंचावण्यासाठी वन हक्क दाव्यांना मान्यता मिळण्याची गरज असल्याचे सांगितले. वनाधिकार कायदा अंमलबजावणीच्या सद्य:स्थितीचे किशोर सोनवणे यांनी सादरीकरण केले. साहेबराव भारमल, त्रिंबक धराडे यांनी आदिवासी गीते सादर केली तर सयाजी आसवले यांनी आभार मानले.

~संस्था वृत्त

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